Perfectionism is common among gifted children
For parents of gifted children, it can be heartbreaking to watch their child struggle through an assignment, especially when the child knows the material and has the ability to successfully complete it and move on.
If you’re one of those parents, know this: You’re not alone. In fact, about 20% of gifted students have such high expectations for their performance that they have trouble finishing tasks in and out of the classroom, according to the National Association for Gifted Children.
“It can be very debilitating,” said Michael Postma, executive director of Supporting Emotional Needs of the Gifted.
The desire for perfection doesn’t have to be crippling, of course. Ellen Winner, a professor of psychology at Boston College, writes in her book Gifted Children: Myths and Realities that perfectionism can be a positive trait if it means the child has high standards. High standards, after all, can lead to high achievement.
But, gifted children, unfortunately, often take their desire for excellence and accomplishment to unhealthy levels, stymying their work and throwing up roadblocks to their own success. These children see every school assignment and extracurricular activity as another opportunity to fail. They often fear bad grades and disappointing their teachers and parents, who have high expectations for them. For some students, that drive for perfection can lead to anxiety and depression.
“Bottom line is they are inhibiting their creativity, they are inhibiting their problem solving, they are inhibiting who they are as an individual when they’re suffering from perfectionism because they get stuck so quickly,” Postma said. “You’re actually stunting yourself because there are so many other things you could be doing and doing well.”
Parenting a gifted child who is a perfectionist can be tough, but it’s crucial to find ways to show them that the process is more important than the final grade or outcome.
“Perfectionism is a way of managing fear,” said Phyllis Fagell, school counselor, therapist and author of “Middle School Matters.” “That’s why it’s so hard to combat.”
To help their gifted kids, parents must uncover their child’s underlying fear, Fagell said. Are they worried about letting their parents or teachers down? Do they wonder who they are if they don’t shine in every aspect of their academic lives?
At the same time, parents should model good behavior themselves, Fagell said. Share with your child examples of when you’ve failed and what happened next.
Through books, introduce them to stories of other people, from fictional characters to successful professionals, who have experienced failure. And, she said, don’t forget to laugh when something goes awry, whether it’s falling over while attempting a yoga pose or forgetting an ingredient in the cake you’re baking together.
“It’s really hard to be stressed and laughing at the same time,” she said. “It’s even better if you can be laughing and making those mistakes together.”
If your gifted child is struggling with perfectionism, here’s what experts say you should do in the moment.